The earliest known principles of war were documented by Sun Tzu, circa BCE. Machiavelli war in Then in , Antoine-Henri Jomini published his “Maxims” for War version 1, “Didactic Resume” and “Maxims” for War version 2. In The Art of War (), Jomini outlined several Principles of War, of which three were essential. First, keeping in mind the military objective, one should. while Jomini’s—still extant in the form of most modern militaries’ doctrinal. “ principles of war”—hold enduring truths relating to operational art and tactics.
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Bernard BrodieStrategy in the Missile Age The Art of War. Third, there was a strong personal element in Jomini’s critique of Clausewitz.
This is not the place to delve terribly deeply into the arcane theoretical details of these two men’s work. These insults, because they refer to the Prussian by name, have more meaning to readers unfamiliar with On War than do the Summary ‘s concessions on theoretical issues.
Jomini iomini in the campaign, serving on Ney’s staff.
Principles of War |
Jomini was no fool, however. Jomini and his Summary of the Art of War: In his maturity, Jomini grew wary of the revolutionary passions that had originally inspired him to take up the sword himself. Eventually, however, Jomini was promoted to brigadier general and given a succession of fairly responsible staff positions, mostly away from actual troops.
In contrast, Jomini’s view of history and of war was static and simplistic.
The editor of Mahan’s papers, however, is not sure that Mahan ever read Clausewitz, and if he did, places it around Unlike most biographical discussions of the Swiss, which are based on his own highly colored reminiscences to people he wished to impress, Elting’s study is based on Xavier de Courville, Jomini, ou de le Devin de Napoleon Paris, First, keeping in mind the princioles objective, one should carefully select a theater of war that provides all the offensive advantages.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all jimini is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.
Although serious military thinkers today are more likely to refer to Clausewitz, in the Napoleonic age itself, Antoine de Jomini was more likely to have that distinction. However, when war between France and Russia broke out, he was in a difficult position, which he prnciples with by taking a noncombat command on the line of communication.
The tenth principle, added later, was originally called Administration.
The eclecticism of Anglo-Saxon military thought is rooted in the same spirit as the Latin warning, ” Cave ab homine unius libri ” “Beware the man of one book”: The similarities in their military ideas, which are indeed very great, stem from three sources:.
Ingram, Cooke, and Company,v. However, the pretext for censure was, in Jomini’s own view, trivial and baseless, and during the armistice Jomini did as he had intended to do in — and went into the Russian service.
Today, these lessons remain an important part of the military’s educational process. As a Swiss patriot and as a French officer, he declined to take part in the passage of the Rhine at Basel and the subsequent invasion of France.
Principles of war – Wikipedia
He made a good income from the sale of his voluminous works and may have been the first professional military theorist in modern Europe. Lincoln’s chief of staff General Henry W. On the other hand, a number of thoughtful observers have considered the differences betweem Jomini and Clausewitz to be rather inconsequential. Jomini took part in the Russian campaign ofmostly in rear area staff capacities, such as military governor of Smolensk.
Jomini felt these were fundamental, almost mathematical principles of war and that they were good for all time.
Jomini was by far the more celebrated thinker in his own lifetime. Hattaway, Herman, and Archer Jones.
Principles of war
The French Army recognizes three principles to be applied to operation of land forces at the tactical level :. Air Command and Staff College, April This page was last edited waf 29 Octoberat Specifically, Jomini stated in his book:. Both as a student and as one of West Point ‘s commandants, General Lee was aware of Jomini’s principles, and when the opportunity arose, he applied them.