Product Identification ===================== Product ID:ISOPREP (R), MSDS Date/29/ FSC NIIN MSDS Number: BTSHT. ISOPREP ISSUE DATE TRADE NAME. ISOPREP . Under Section , submittal of MSDS or a list of product names to the local. Easy to Use MSDS Database. Over MSDS , MK MOD 0 RF SEDUCTION, (SUPDAT) explosive ients bullseye propell .. ISOPREP ,
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The present invention relates to a composition and method for its use in preventing or inhibiting corrosion of metals, particularly aluminum and aluminum alloys.
Msrs of the metal surfaces with the composition of this invention inhibits corrosion of that surface and also improves adhesion of subsequent organic coatings to the treated surface. Many metals are susceptible to corrosion. In this regard, atmospheric corrosion is of particular concern.
In issoprep, when polymer coatings such as paints, adhesives or sealants are applied to the metal, corrosion of the underlying metal may cause a loss of adhesion between the polymer coating and the base metal. A loss of adhesion between the polymer coating jsds the base metal may similarly lead to corrosion of the metal. Aluminum and aluminum alloys frequently require corrosion protection and improvements in adhesion between the base aluminum or aluminum alloys and subsequent polymer coatings.
Aluminum alloys, in particular, can be susceptible to corrosion since the alloying elements used to improve the metal’s mechanical properties may decrease corrosion resistance.
Specifications for testing the effectiveness of the corrosion inhibition and adhesion promotion of various treatments have been established. Prior art techniques for improving corrosion resistance of metals widely employ the use of chromate conversation coatings to passivate the surface. Such chromate treatments are undesirable, however, because the chromium used is highly toxic, carcinogenic, and environmentally undesirable.
Phosphate conversion coatings are also used, but generally provide substantially less corrosion protection unless used in conjunction with a chromate. Recently, various techniques for eliminating the use of chromates in corrosion inhibition and adhesion promotion isoprel have been proposed. An optional second treatment solution containing an organofunctional silane may also be employed, particularly if the metal is to be painted.
Many of the foregoing proposed techniques, however, have been proven to be ineffective, or to require time consuming, energy inefficient, multi-step processes. Thus, there remains a need for a simple, low cost, effective technique isorep inhibiting ioprep of metals, particularly for aluminum and aluminum alloys. It is an object of this invention to provide an improved method of inhibiting corrosion of metals, especially aluminum and aluminum alloys, which is simple to apply, cost effective and environmentally friendly.
It is ioprep object of this invention to provide a treatment for metals which improves the adhesion of subsequent organic coatings to the metal while at the same time improving the corrosion resistance of the metal.
The foregoing objectives can be accomplished by treating a metal, particularly aluminum or aluminum alloys, with a treatment composition comprising a mercapto-substituted isopgep. The treatment composition is applied directly to the metal surface, preferably without any intervening treatment other than cleaning, deoxidizing or etching, by spray, flood or other means of direct contact.
The treatment composition is preferably applied at room temperature and preferably has a pH between 3 and 5. A isopeep of known cleaners, deoxidizers and etchants may be employed for this purpose, with the appropriate choice being made with the specific metal surface to be prepared in mind.
Once the mercapto-substituted silane is applied to the metal surface the treated metal should be baked in order to dry and cure the coating. After curing, the treatment with the mercapto-substituted silane may be repeated and baked again, as desired. The compositions and methods of this invention are particularly suitable for treating aluminum and aluminum alloys.
The inventors have found that treating aluminum or aluminum alloys with the mercapto-substituted silane containing composition of this invention provides both increased corrosion resistance and enhanced adhesion of subsequent organic coatings to the treated surface. The inventors have found that the corrosion resistance of metal, particularly aluminum and aluminum alloys, can be greatly enhanced by mads a treatment solution comprising a mercapto-substituted silane, preferably followed by a bake dry and cure.
The mercapto-substituted silane of this invention is preferably a multifunctional mercapto-substituted organic silane of the following chemical formula: Wherein R 1R 2 and R 3 are independently selected from the group consisting of alkoxy groups e.
A particularly preferred mercapto-substituted silane is gamma-mercaptopropyltrimethoxy silane which has the following structure: The inventors have found gamma-mercaptopropyltrimethoxy silane to be the most preferred mercapto-substituted silane for use in this invention. Gamma-mercaptopropyltrimethoxy silane is available from the Witco Corporation of Greenwich, Conn. Other useful mercapto-substituted silanes include 3-mercaptopropyl methyl dimethoxy silane available from the Fluka Chemie AG of Buchs, Switzerland.
The inventors have unexpectedly discovered that the mercapto group on these mercapto-substituted silanes provides significantly better corrosion protection than is provided by other silanes which do not have the mercapto substituted group. Thus, the inventors believe that the mercapto-substitution on the silane provides significant and unexpected improvements in corrosion protection and adhesion promotion in relation to non-mercapto-substituted silanes.
The mercapto-substituted silane is preferably solubilized, with a suitable solvent, into a treatment solution. The concentration of mercapto-substituted silane in the treatment solution may be from 0.
Mercapto-substituted silanes, such as gamma-mercaptopropyltrimethoxy silane, may not be soluble in water alone to the extent necessary to practice this invention effectively. The inventors have discovered that a combination of water with an appropriate solvent are required to effectively solubilize these mercapto-substituted isopep in a water matrix. Appropriate solvents for this purpose include N-methylpyrrolidone, butyrolactone, diethylene glycol butyl ether, hexylene glycol, ethylene glycol monobutyl ether and alcohols.
Most preferred as a solubilization matrix for the mercapto-substituted silanes is a combination of water and ethylene glycol monobutyl ether. Preferably, the mercapto-substituted silane is added to the solvent e. The inventors have found that an aqueous solution of ethylene glycol monobutyl ether does an excellent job of solubilizing the mercapto-substituted silane and leaves behind a spot free finish as it evaporates from the treated surface.
The aqueous solution of the mercapto-substituted silane will hydrolyze the silane and will improve its effectiveness in treating the metal surfaces. The pH of the treatment solution should be less than 7 and is preferably between about 3 and 5.
The inventors have found that using an aqueous solution of the foregoing solvents and the mercapto-substituted silane, the treatment solution will naturally make up at a pH of about 4. Acetic acid can be used to make any needed adjustments to pH. The concentration of mercapto-substituted silane may range from 0. The concentration of mercapto-substituted silane in the treatment solution will affect the corrosion protection achieved, with better corrosion protection achieved at higher concentrations.
The process of this invention has been found to increase the corrosion resistance of metals generally, not including zinc and zinc plated surfaces, but is particularly effective on aluminum and aluminum alloys.
Thus, the inventors have found this process to be especially useful on aluminum, and aluminum alloys such as T6 aluminum alloy, T3 aluminum alloy and aluminum alloys.
The treatment solution is applied to the metal surfaces by immersion, spraying, flooding or other similar means of contact.
Preferably, the contact occurs at room temperature and lasts for from 15 seconds to several minutes. The inventors have found that it is important to dry and bake the treated metal after application of the mercapto-substituted silane in order to properly cure the silane coating on msdss metal surface. The silane treatment solution of this invention can become unstable over time.
As the silane becomes hydrolyzed by the water it will have a tendency to precipitate and the solution will begin to take on a white cloudy appearance.
It is believed that this instability may also arise from the polymerization of the silane molecules in the solution to form 2 or 3 member chains. This potential instability can be controlled by increasing the concentration of solvent in the treatment solution before, or at the first sign of cloudiness. As a result of this potential instability, it may be useful to prepare a concentrated solution of the mercapto-substituted silane without water that is storage stable and is then added to water to prepare the treatment solution.
In this regard, a storage stable concentrate of mercapto-substituted silane can be prepared by dissolving the silane in a solvent, such as ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, without water. Prior preparation of the metal surface generally increases the activity of that surface towards subsequent treatments, in this case, towards the mercapto-substituted silane treatment. As a result, prior preparation of the surface will generally yield better corrosion resistance results after treatment with the process of this invention.
However, preferably the surface is not treated with any non-mercapto-substituted silanes, silicates, chromates or other conversion coatings prior to treatment with the mercapto-substituted silane.
Preferably, the metal surfaces are cleaned and etched prior to treatment with the process of this invention. A variety of cleaners and etchants are known for preparing a variety of metal surfaces. For cleaning the surfaces of aluminum and aluminum alloys, both acid and alkali based cleaners are available. These aluminum cleaners are typically relatively weakly basic or acidic in comparison to the etchants.
Aluminum and aluminum alloys can be effectively etched using strongly acidic or strongly basic solutions. Although the inventors have found that treatment of the metal with a cleaner and an etchant prior to treatment with the mercapto-substituted silane of this invention generally improves the corrosion resistance provided by the process, the best choice of cleaners and etchants may depend upon the metal being treated.
For instance, the inventors have found that strongly acid etchants work better on T6 aluminum alloy while strongly basic etchants work better on T3 aluminum alloy. The inventors have surprisingly found that other silanes i. Corrosion resistance is measured as the maximum number of hours the part can endure before corrosion becomes apparent in a specified manner on its surface.
Military specification MIL-CD provides specific procedures for measuring the corrosion resistance of a treated part. ASTM B is another widely used specification for determining the corrosion resistance of a metal treated part with a salt spray procedure. Similar specifications, such as ASTM D, have been prepared to test the adhesion of organic coatings to treated metal surfaces. These adhesion procedures usually include a cross-hatch tape test whereby the organic coating is cut in a specified cross-cut pattern and tape is applied and removed to determine the quantity, if any, of the organic coating that is removed.
The inventors have found that salt spray corrosion resistance in excess of 1, hours on T6 aluminum alloy and in excess of hours on T3 aluminum alloy can be achieved with the process of this invention. In addition, excellent adhesion of organic coatings to the treated metal surfaces can be achieved with the process of this invention.
This invention is further described by the following examples which should be taken as illustrative only and not limiting in any manner:. Samples of aluminum alloys T6 and T3 were processed through the following cycle by immersion:. Treatment Time min Temperature 1.
Water Rinse 1 room temp. Mercapto-Substituted Silane Treatment 1 room temp. Each sample was then processed in a salt spray chamber according to the procedures set forth in ASTM B standard in order to determine corrosion resistance.
The composition of the mercapto-substituted silane treatment solution and the corrosion resistance results are given below in Table I. Year of fee payment: Corrosion of metal surfaces, particularly aluminum or aluminum alloy surfaces, is inhibited by contacting the metal surfaces with a solution comprising a mercapto-substituted silane and then preferably baking the metal to cure the silane coating. Multifunctional organo-mercapto-substituted silanes are preferred in the practice of the process.
Preferably, the treatment solution is an aqueous mixture of the mercapto-substituted silane and selected solvents. A method according to claim 1 wherein the mercapto-substituted silane is a multifunctional mercapto-substituted silane having the msdw chemical structure: Wherein R 1R 2 and R 3 are independently selected from the group comprising of alkoxy groups, alkyl groups and hydrogen, and wherein n is an integer from 0 to A method according to claim 1 wherein iisoprep metal is selected from the group consisting of aluminum and aluminum alloys.
A method according to iosprep 1 wherein the metal is subjected to a process selected from the group consisting of cleaning, deoxidizing, etching and a combination of the foregoing, prior to contacting the metal with the treatment solution.
A method according to claim 2 wherein the multifunctional mercapto-substituted silane is selected from the group consisting of gamma-mercaptopropyltrimethoxy silane, 3-mercaptopropyl methyl dimethoxy silane, and mixtures of the foregoing.
A method according to claim 2 wherein the metal is selected from the group consisting of aluminum and aluminum alloys. A method according to claim 2 jsoprep the metal is subjected to a process selected from the isoprfp consisting of cleaning, deoxidizing, nsds and a combination of the foregoing, prior to contacting the metal with the treatment solution.
A method according to claim 1 wherein the solvent is ethylene glycol monobutyl ether. A method according to claim 6 wherein the metal is selected from the group consisting of aluminum msdw aluminum alloys. A method according to claim 6 wherein the metal is subjected to a process selected from the group consisting of cleaning, deoxidizing, etching and combination of the foregoing, prior izoprep contacting the metal with the treatment solution.